Updated: Aug 21, 2018

GIANT
GNSS introduction in the aviation sector

Background & Objectives

For some time, ICAO has stated the recommendation to make the most extensive use of the available satellite technology for navigation and communications. The CNS/ATM concept was understood as technical (CNS) and operational (ATM) components of the global system. It envisages the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) as the main navigation system including satellite constellations, aircraft receivers and system integrity monitoring, augmented as necessary to support the required navigation performance (RNP) for specific phases of flight. However, it is also recognised that GNSS have inherent vulnerabilities that have to be investigated, mitigated and solved. Following the ICAO’s recommendation and the Council Conclusions regarding the use of EGNOS in the aviation domain, EUROCONTROL has included the introduction of APV operations based on EGNOS as one of its implementation objectives (ECIP). Thus, the GIANT project will continue some of the many activities that were begun for Galileo in earlier phases (e.g. GALILEI, GALA, SAGA, GILT and GEM).

Market application: 
Coordinator: 
Luis Chocano
INECO
28042 Madrid ES
Spain
GSA Project Officer: 
Eric Chatre
Total Cost: 
5 481 856 €
EU Contributions: 
2 998 832 €
Project Call: 
FP6 2nd Call
Contract Number: 
GJU/05/2411/CTR/GIANT

Work performed & results

The main results will be proposals and solutions for GNSS operational implementation, legal aspects and onboard and ground elements of GNSS, especially issues regarding: 1. Definition and validation of new GNSS approach and landing procedures, LPV approach procedures for Valencia, San Sebastian and Bologna airports (for aircraft) and Lausanne and North Sea oilrigs helipads (for helicopters). 2. Enabler and action plan for the GNSS operational implementation, addressing the open points and the risk mitigation for the short term and medium to long term. 3. Development of innovative applications that could be supported by GNSS. 4. Required technological developments (user terminal and local elements) which allow flying these new GNSS procedures. 5. Assessment of the new GNSS approach procedures and its technical suitable implementation in terms of operational, safety, environmental and economic benefits. 6. Demonstration of the feasibility and ‘flyability’ of the studied GNSS approach procedures through flight trials, flight demonstrations and simulation campaigns. 7. Study of the impact of these new GNSS techniques in the current legal frame and recommendations for regulatory procedures. In particular, the technologies and concepts involved in the GIANT project would allow aviation operations in areas with poor navigation infrastructures, while the technologies and concepts involved in the GIANT project will also derive in an enhancement of the approach operations, in terms of: - Lower noise impact; - More efficient routes and fuel and emissions savings.

GIANT
Photo Gallery

  • Helicopter operations in oil rigsGIANT Consortium

  • The first time that a real EGNOS signal is used for a flight conducted by a major regional airline, Air NostrumGIANT Consortium

Partners
Advantage
Septentrio Satellite Navigation N.V. (SSN)
Belgium
Bombardier Canada
Canada
CMC Electronics
Canada
Skyguide
Switzerland
Eurocopter
Germany
Terma
Denmark
AENA Internacional
Spain
Air Nostrum
Spain
Isdefe
Spain
ESSP
France
FDC
France
Thales ATM
France
NATS - PATA
United Kingdom
Rockwell Collins UK
United Kingdom
Helios Technology
Italy
IIASL
Netherlands
Avtech
Taiwan