R & D

R & D

Wed, 07/20/2016
ATR 42-600

European GNSS Agency (GSA) funds 14 projects to help foster the implementation of EGNOS-based operations and LPV-200 procedures at European airports as part of its 2015 Aviation Call for Grants.

The GSA recently announced the projects selected for funding under its 2015 Aviation Call for Grants GSA/EEX.0030/2015. This second call brought great results, with 14 projects selected for funding, starting from July and August 2016.

The funded projects are expected to foster the design, development and operational implementation of European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS)-based operations, including LPV-200 (localiser performance with vertical guidance) procedures, at different European aerodromes, with an emphasis on the regional airports and heliports that general and business aviation operators depend upon.

In addition, the call also aims to support the development and installation of GPS/EGNOS-enabled avionics and grant airworthiness certification for required navigation performance approach (RNP APCH) procedures down to LPV minima and point in space (PinS), and to achieve the approval of Air Operator Certificates (AOCs) for LPV operations of aircraft already equipped with satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) capabilities.

Specifically, the following results are expected:

  • 40 LPV procedures at 18 airports
  • 2 LPV-200 procedures at Italy’s Trento Airport
  • 15 PinS LPV procedures
  • 2 RNP 0.3 routes
  • 44 aircraft retrofitted by 9 operators
  • 4 avionics solutions (STC) development
  • 3 flight simulator-type upgrades
  • Development of EGNOS navigation and surveillance sensors for (RPAS) applications.

“These grants will ensure more European airports and more European operators are able to take full advantage of EGNOS procedures, meaning increased safety and more accessibility for everyone,” says GSA Head of Market Development GG Calini.

The total budget for the second call was EUR 6 million.

The funded projects are expected to foster the design, development and operational implementation of EGNOS-based operations, including LPV-200 procedures.

The funded projects are expected to foster the design, development and operational implementation of EGNOS-based operations, including LPV-200 procedures.

Project name Beneficiary Proposal Impact
AIRLA All Ireland LPV approach project Irish Aviation Authority

LPV approach procedures at 9 state and regional airports in Ireland, with 21 procedures

Restructure the airspace to facilitate direct RNAV arrivals (from en-route to an LPV ‘T-BAR’ type approach structure) for the planned runway in use

Significant reduction in the minima with reference to every NPA currently published in the Aeronautical information Publication (AIP)

Significant reduction in operational costs for airlines operating at regional (non-state) airports

Increased safety

London Oxford Airport Oxford Aviation Services Ltd

Lateral navigation (LNAV), LNAV/vertical navigation (VNAV) and LPV minima to runways 01 and 19

Approach to runway 19 to be designed with LPV-200 criteria

Primary regional and business aviation airport in the Thames Valley, identified by European Business Aviation Association (EBAA) members as a priority for LPV and operators already with LPV capabilities
Glasgow Prestwick Airport Glasgow Prestwick airport Limited

LPV, LNAV and LNAV/VNAV to runways 21, 12 and 30

Replace, overlay and replicate the current conventional procedures

Substantially improved minima on runway 21 and a much more accurate arrival than currently provided by the non-directional beacon (NDB) or surveillance radar approach (SRA)
Cumbernauld Airport Cormack Aircraft Services Limited LPV on both runway ends (currently non-instrument) Main operating base for Hebridean Air Services (LPV-capable), 2 ATOs, 2 rotorcraft operators and many private aircraft owners
GAGA GNSS approaches for general aviation AOPA UK
Helios

LPV approach procedures at 3 general aviation (GA) airports: Haverfordwest, Gloucestershire and Stapleford

Increased availability of instrument procedures for GA community

Support to training needs for instrument-rated (IR) pilots

Attract new commercial customers

London Southend and Carlisle Lake District Airports London Southend Airport company Limited
Stobart Air Limited

Implementation of LPV-200 at Southend and LPV + PinS at Carlisle

Considerable business aviation traffic, with many LPV-capable aircraft

Increased accessibility and safety compared to current NPA (Carlisle)

Attract new commercial operations based on better accessibility

ENAC Ecole Nationale de l’aviation Civile

Retrofit of 12 BE58 aircraft with GTN650

Upgrade of 3 BE58 Flight Navigation Procedures Trainer (FNTP) II simulators

All Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile (ENAC) flight instructors’ IR-ME training and operational feedback sessions to authorities, other ATOs and airlines

GNOS adopted by one of the leading flight training organisations in Europe for professional instrument rating training

Expected total number of LPV landings on an annual basis is 6 200 in flight landings and 4 900 in simulator

Integration and promotion of LPV procedures in the ATO with the largest training fleet in Europe

Nextjet Nextjet AB

EGNOS LPV approach approved for installation in all Nextjet’s 10 Saab 340 platforms

STC development by Scandinavian Avionics

Large Scandinavian regional operator will be able to modernise and extend the flexibility of its Saab 340 operations, especially on small and remote airports

Lower cost of operation, with positive effect on customers due to reduction in delays in bad weather conditions

Svensk Pilotutbildning Svensk Pilotutbildning AB

Svensk Pilotutbildning, an ATO based at the Earth Science Geostationary Platform (ESGP) in Sweden, plans to upgrade 3 aircraft and 2 simulators

Provide PBN/EGNOS/LPV to existing IR students and other customers

ATO will make 1 250 in-flight LPV approaches on a yearly basis, within the normal training activities

Majority of training flights will be performed at the home base (ESGP) with LPV on both runway ends; nearby airports will have LPV by 2016

Equipped simulators will allow cost-effective training for students

Bristow  

Retrofit of 6 S92s and a second flight management system (FMS) to be LPV-capable

Add LPV capabilities to aircraft already equipped with one FMS that are certified for RNAV 5, RNAV 1/PRNAV and RNP APCH with LNAV minima

Major rotorcraft operator serving oil and gas (O&G) SAR and Arctic SAR.

Bases currently are Stavanger, Bergen and Hammerfest. Stavanger and Bergen have current LPV published. Bergen is currently equipped with two PinS approaches for helicopters with LNAV minima only

LPV adds such operational benefits as the possibility of fully coupled flight, potentially better minima and maybe steeper angles for further noise reduction

PIONEERS 2: Early adoption of PinS rotorcraft procedures Pildo Consulting S.L.
Austrocontrol
Christophorus Flugrettungsverein
BMI-Flugpolizei
Norsk Luftamulanse
CHC helicopters
Rotorcraft retrofit Maximise the operational use of EGNOS in rotorcraft operations, enabling major helicopter emergency medical services (HEMSs) and off-shore operators with LPV capabilities, and also open the potential of EGNOS towards government operations (police and military)
EGNOS in the Czech Republic GNSS centre of Excellence z.s.p.o.
DSA A.S.
F Air, SPOL. S.R.O.
RLP CR, S.P.
Aero-Taxi OKR, A.S.

Retrofit of 13 GA aircraft, 2 rotorcraft and 2 flight simulation training devices (FSTDs) with EGNOS-enabled avionics

Introduction of EGNOS for rotorcraft operations in CZ

LPV capabilities at two industry leaders in CZ for pilot training, covering +/- 60 % of national market, and +/- 20 % of market share in Central Europe

First PinS in CZ to be used by HEMS. Other hospitals waiting for operational feedback of this procedure

First PinS at busy international airport

Aeroporto Caproni P.A.T. Nucleo Elicotteri VVF
Aeroporto ‘Gianni Caproni’ S.p.A.

Design and validation of approach and departures supported by SBAS serving

Trento Airport and the helipad at Cles hospital

Specific point-to-point link to connect the instrument flight procedure (IFP)

Increased safety and continuity of the medical and emergency operations
REAL: RPAS EGNOS-assisted landings Pildo Consulting S.L.
Sharper Shape Ltd
EuroUSC – Italia
FADA/CATEC

Develop an EGNOS-based navigation and surveillance sensor, ready to be coupled with a generic RPAS autopilot and ground station system

Contribute to the approval of innovative RPAS operations, supported by a safety case, which in turn is supported by high levels of accuracy and integrity provided by EGNOS

Validation in two scenarios:

  • Scenario 1: transport for urgent medicines
  • Scenario 2: Operations to extinguish fires
 

First 2015 Aviation Call for Grants GSA/GRANT/EGNOS/03/2014 producing results

Meanwhile, the 13 projects selected as part of the first call are all currently at various stages of implementation, with some already taking positive steps towards enabling EGNOS operations, particularly as they relate to regional aviation. Among these initial achievements is an upgrade of three simulators, with one having recently entered the market and the second to follow in the coming months. Another project is well on its way to successfully retrofitting a regional aircraft, making it to be another ‘ready to fly’ with EGNOS in 2017.

Overall, the first call is on course to publish up “first package “of 15 EGNOS procedures by the end of 2016.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Thu, 05/26/2016

Speaking at this week’s Geospatial World Forum in Rotterdam, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) discussed the many benefits that EGNOS and Galileo offer the geospatial sector and, specifically, the surveying and mapping domains.

Speaking at the Geospatial World Forum, the premiere event for the geospatial sector, the GSA highlighted the multiple benefits that such European GNSS programmes as Galileo and EGNOS bring to European surveyors, as well as illustrating synergies with the EU Earth Observation programme Copernicus. Topics discussed included how to increase industry adoption of GNSS, how to better meet user needs, and the integration of E-GNSS into geospatial equipment and end products.

Although all of these topics are of interest to surveyors, the topic on the top of everyone’s mind was the status of Galileo – and the GSA came bringing good news.

As two additional Galileo satellites were launched just that morning, Galileo satellites 13 and 14 will be followed by the launch of four more satellites later this year, with the declaration of Galileo Initial Services expected in the autumn. “Currently 80% of all GNSS receivers for surveying and mapping are EGNOS enabled and 45% are already Galileo enabled. This confirmed that the sector is well-positioned to benefit from of the Galileo services” says the GSA.

Galileo’s improved signal robustness, varying levels of authentication and its Commercial Service’s high-accuracy receiver error below one decimetre are all features that will greatly benefit geospatial users. According to a recent GSA survey, 78% of respondents say they will be ready to use Galileo signals by 2017.

    Read also: EGNOS – A cost effective solution for GIS

As a prelude to what is in store for surveyors, the Swedish Cartographic Society reported that the Swedish surveyors are already anticipating how Galileo will help them for surveying in cities and other difficult environments. Most of the reference stations of SWEPOS, the Swedish national reference network provider, are fully equipped with Galileo-capable receivers.

However, Galileo will not operate in a vacuum. Not only is it interoperable with other GNSS systems, it also offers numerous synergies with the EU’s Copernicus Earth Observation system – particularly for the geospatial sector. “There is a huge potential for synergies between geopositioning and surface imaging,” says Dufourmont, Project Manager Copernicus Land Monitoring Services of the European Environment Agency. “For example, the sector is currently using both systems to track animals and monitor migration paths before making development decisions.”

Collaboration and support

To ensure the surveying community takes full advantage of all that Galileo and EGNOS have to offer, the GSA and the Council of European Geodetic Surveyors (CLGE) continue to collaborate. For example, GSA awards the special Galileo prize in the framework of the annual CLGE Young Surveyor Prize. Last year’s winner, Laura van de Vyvere of M3 Systems in Belgium, made innovative use of Galileo's unique four frequency signals to improve positioning in harsh ionospheric conditions.

GSA aims at responding to end-users’ needs and it therefore established a unique interface Galileo systems and users: the GSC (European GNSS Service Centre). The GSC is the platform where users can get information about the Galileo system status and performances, system documents and it includes a helpdesk.

The GSA is further supporting the uptake of European GNSS in the surveying sector via various funding mechanisms. For example, the Horizon 2020 LARA project is bringing together GNSS, augmented reality and 3D GIS geo-databases to show utility workers operating in the field what lies below the service – allowing them to know where it is safe to dig. MapKITE, another Horizon 2020 project, is bringing together terrestrial and aerial mapping systems, such remote payloads as LIDAR and GNSS systems for simultaneous geodata acquisition. 

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Wed, 06/01/2016

The fourth edition of the European Space Solutions conference has launched in The Hague, promising a week of exciting discussion and interaction on European space policy and innovation – with European GNSS and the European GNSS Agency (GSA) taking centre stage.

Dutch astronaut André Kuipers officially kicked off the fourth edition of the European Space Solutions conference in The Hague by setting the scene with stories from his time on the International Space Station. Yet even when floating far above the Earth, Kuipers noted his appreciation for the increasing impact that space exploration and space technology has on our daily lives here on the ground. “Whether it’s weather forecasting, providing high precision agriculture or monitoring pollution, space directly impacts everyone’s lives – making us all astronauts on spaceship Earth,” he says.

This theme of linking space technology to earth was a common one throughout the conference’s opening plenary session. “Space technology and data can help resolve issues faced by humanity and help us build practical solutions,” says Dutch Minister of Economic Affairs Henk Kamp, representing the Netherlands Presidency of the Council of the European Union, the official host of the conference. “Space is important for the future of Europe – and Europe is important for the future of space.” On this point, he highlighted Galileo and EGNOS as prime examples of European projects providing global precision and helping to give Europe a competitive edge is such areas as trade and security.

With the declaration of Galileo Initial Services set for later this year, the timing of the conference couldn’t be better. “Now, more than ever, the challenge is to convert the success of the Galileo programme into tangible goods and services that will fuel jobs and growth,” adds European Commissioner for International Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Elżbieta Bieńkowska.

Representing a major step towards accomplishing this objective, the Commissioner joined Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and the Environment Melanie Schultz van Haegen and GSA Executive Director Carlo des Dorides in signing an agreement to establish the Galileo Reference Centre (GRC) right here in the Netherlands. The core mission of the GRC is to perform independent monitoring of Galileo’s performance and report on its findings.

Space opportunities

Although already today an array of applications and services are taking advantage of space technology and data, including GNSS and Earth observation, many presenters stressed the need to create more awareness about the role that space plays in our everyday lives. “Connectivity is the oxygen of business, and connectivity and applications are the key to creating jobs and growth,” says Member of the European Parliament Cora van Nieuwenhuizen. “This leads us to only one conclusion: it must support space.”

This is a sentiment echoed by European Commission Director-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs Lowri Evans. “We are in the midst of an important and exciting economic moment for the European pace sector, but we need to shift our attention away from the hardware and towards the applications,” she says. “We need to get the data flowing, and this requires us to focus on research and innovation, unlocking skills, ensuring investment and looking at appropriate regulatory tools.”

But this isn’t to say that applications aren’t already benefiting from the technology. For example, in aviation EGNOS is facilitating the safe operation of aircraft at over 200 European airports – a number set to double by 2018. “This innovation represents the biggest technological revolution in aviation since the invention of radar, and the lessons we are learning here are now being exported to such domains as the rail sector,” says des Dorides.

Des Dorides also pointed to the area of location based services (LBS) and the geopositioning market, where the ubiquitous positioning provided by GNSS is being integrated with other technologies to deliver robust, reliable and secure positioning information. “GNSS receivers capable of capturing positioning, navigation and timing data will generate huge, rich data flows – making for a very interesting future for Galileo and its applications,” he concludes.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Tue, 06/07/2016

The European GNSS Agency recently highlighted the many ways your start-up can benefit from Europe’s GNSS programmes – EGNOS and Galileo – during infoShare2016 in Gdansk, Poland.

Recently, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) had the opportunity to talk EGNOS and Galileo at infoShare2016 in Gdansk, Poland. The biggest ICT tech conference in Central and Eastern Europe, the event brought together 5 000 tech professionals, developers, entrepreneurs and innovation leaders to share knowledge and experience about working across Europe.

During a dedicated session on space technology and business, the GSA discussed how space is more than just rockets and missions to other planets. “Space technology, such as GNSS, can benefit business and provide new market opportunities for start-ups and investors,” says GSA Market Development Officer Justyna Redelkiewicz. “For example, the sectors of Location Based Services, aviation, maritime, localisation and data transfer where space is closest to Earth are especially vibrant areas for new companies and investors today.”

In fact, there is a strong link between information and communication technology and the space sector, and the GSA highlighted three specific activities taking place in Poland that link the two. For example, the Galileo Masters Competition is the largest international competition for the commercial use of satellite navigation, helping participants to get their project ready and closer to the market and investors. There’s also the Horizon 2020-funded POSITION project, which works to support global navigation satellite service (GNSS) uptake in Poland, with several of the project’s success stories exhibiting at infoShare (see boxed text).

Positioning Poland’s start-ups for success

Given the large number of high-tech professionals and a generally untapped industrial sector, Poland is an attractive market for European GNSS. The GSA-supported POSITION (Polish Support to Innovation and Technology IncubatiON) initiative aims to increase E-GNSS market penetration and general awareness within the country. And judging from the handful of POSITION-supported projects exhibiting on the infoShare exhibition floor, the project is already producing results.

For example, Brumgo is using GNSS positioning information to help vehicles share their location and better plan their routes – an essential tool for companies operating large vehicle fleets. “With Brumgo, we’ve created an application that will change the approach of company owners and fleet operators,” says a company representative. “For example, if you’re in the delivery business, your customers can use the Brumgo app to see exactly where the delivery truck is and when it will arrive – taking away the stress of having to run home so as not to miss the delivery.”

Likewise, a group of researchers from Warsaw University of Technology set out to create an affordable, single-chip solution for precise positioning. The result is ChipCraft, which offers a single-chip dual frequency, dual-system reliable and highly accurate compact navigation receiver. “We saw that many applications required precision better than 1 metre and reliable positioning, but the cost and size of getting that level of precision and positioning kept them out of the market,” says one company researcher. “With ChipCraft, we’ve been able to fill this gap, giving our customers the chance to gain a competitive advantage and be able to offer better and more compact products.”

Another innovative app on display at the infoShare start-up showcase was ParkEasily. We’ve all been in the situation where we circle the block and drive endless kilometres beyond our destination just to find an available parking space. But ParkEasily asks ‘what parking problems?’ The apps aim is to reduce the stress of finding parking and help car park owners optimise the capacity of their parking lots. The application uses a combination of IoT solutions, GNSS positioning and complex algorithms to identify driving and parking trends.

And for those out at sea, Navdec is developing an autonomous ship as a means of avoiding at-sea collisions. Over 2000 collisions happen every year, with each collision costing over USD 1 million – and this doesn’t even factor in loss of life, destruction of cargo or environmental effects. As over 80% of these collisions are due to human error, Navdec aims to remove the human factor from maritime navigation. Its navigation decision support system using GNSS positioning, in combination with other technologies, to qualify encounter situations according to Collision Regulations and provides the navigator a ready-to-use solution for avoiding collisions.

The Horizon 2020-funded POSITION project is a collaboration between Black Pearls Investment (BPI), a Poland-based capital fund experienced in the technology sector, and SpaceTec Partners, a consultancy with offices in Brussels and Munich. The project specifically focuses on start-ups and early-stage investment opportunities for companies in Poland looking to utilise E-GNSS technology.

Big opportunities with GNSS

According to the GSA, there are currently 4 billion GNSS devices globally, a number that is expected to grow in the future. Furthermore, the installed base of GNSS devices is expected to triple by 2023, with growth in all regions. “With this growth, the big data market will grow as well,” says Redelkiewicz. “As the market is expected to top USD 84 billion in 2026, as both the global population and mobile device penetration rises, and use of social media increases, managing this big data brings new business opportunities.”

As an example of the type of opportunities available, Redelkiewicz pointed to a recently launched campaign by Red Roof Inn that uses big data for a new location-based service (LBS) application. Through sourcing freely available weather and flight cancellation information, the company built an algorithm that takes weather severity, travel conditions, time of day, and cancellation rates into consideration, then targeted mobile ads to stranded travellers, making it easier for them to book a nearby hotel. As a direct result of this campaign, the hotel chain has seen a 10 % increase in business.

But the opportunities aren’t limited to the big data market. The Internet of Things (IoT), augmented and virtual reality, and positioning are all ripe for business opportunities. Take for example IoT where in 2008 there were already more ‘things’ connected to the internet than people. By 2020 the amount of internet-connected things will reach 50 billion. Seeing an opportunity in these numbers, Air France KLM is launching its eTrack device, a GNSS-enabled device that tracks and traces luggage. The IoT device, working with an app, allows the owner of the luggage to know where their bags are at all times, enabling a faster bag drop process, improved airport efficiency, reduced stress for travellers, and an improved overall customer experience.

For applications in logistics, engineering, automotive, and the smartphone or tablet markets, augmented reality is increasingly important. Meanwhile the gaming market is benefiting from virtual reality and the level of immersion it offers.

According to Redelkiewicz, new augmented reality products work with GNSS to create an improved user experience. For example, Wikitude World Browser allows users to see everything a city has to offer through one glance at a mobile phone. Looking at real-time data, users can see nearby points of interest and information about their surroundings. Similarly, ForRent.com developed a mobile app that allows apartment searchers to find units by keyword search functionality or via augmented reality. Users point the phone’s camera at surrounding apartments and can then explore photos, prices, floor plans, and amenities of available rentals.

When it comes to positioning, Redelkiewicz says new geofencing technologies define virtual boundaries around real-world areas, creating a radius of interest that can trigger an action in a geo-enabled phone or portable electronic device. “This can be used in fleets of trucks, where if a driver breaks from his route the dispatcher receives an alert, or in Human Resources, where if an employee enters an unauthorised area security receives an alert,” she says.

Redelkiewicz also notes that positioning and navigation are also important indoors, but sometimes accurate indoor positioning or near tall buildings can be a technical challenge. “More effective ubiquitous positioning systems will help many areas, for example, by extending and completing the concept of augmented reality, facilitating targeted advertising, stock tracking, airport navigation, museum tours, and more,” she says.

GNSS and the automotive sector

And then there’s the automotive sector. “Buyers are increasingly looking for new vehicles with internet access, and a McKinsey interview found that 13 % of buyers would no longer consider a new vehicle without internet,” says Redelkiewicz. “GNSS enables connected cars to have many capabilities, including integration with home networks, data exchange with insurers and manufacturers, improved navigation, payment integration, localised information and advertising, police warnings and location, real-time traffic and incident alerts, assisted and automated driving, and more.”

GNSS is also important in emergency situations. eCall, an emergency response system, allows cars to respond to a crash by contacting the emergency service and wirelessly sending airbag and impact sensor information, as well as satellite positioning coordinates. By 2020, eCall will be enabled in 40 million cars and vans sold in Europe.

A future of space in Poland

In Poland, the space sector is increasingly important. When the Polish Space Agency (POLSA) was established in Gdansk in 2014, there was a large focus on the civil side of research and development, as well as education, as knowledge about space was key in launching this new sector for the country. Industries need to support and strengthen the competitiveness of the Polish space industry, transferring knowledge from space to non-space applications. By supporting space research and industry cooperation, there will be a harmonisation of space-sector activities in national and international programmes.

It is also important to create a market for using and transferring data into useable information. To accomplish this, the GSA and POLSA have created a pilot project to increase the efficiency of public administration by enabling it to use services based on satellite data in everyday work. POLSA for Education aims to increase knowledge about space technology, inspiring the next generation of Polish, highly educated specialists and encouraging future students to study space and science. Some universities are also offering new space degrees.

In the future, investment in space will continue to grow. Already, 2015 was a record year for venture capitalist investment in space, driven mainly by IT entrepreneurs. This has already been a trend in the USA, and it’s moving to Europe, meaning that it’s time for businesses and entrepreneurs to harness GNSS technology for innovative solutions, increased customer satisfaction and increased investment.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Thu, 05/12/2016

The European GNSS Agency (GSA) announces that the first LPV-200 approaches were implemented at Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (LFPG) on 3 May – the first such approaches to be implemented in Europe.

The GSA announces that the first LPV-200 approaches were implemented at Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport (LFPG) on 3 May – the first such approaches to be implemented in Europe. LPV-200 enables aircraft approach procedures that are operationally equivalent to CAT I instrument landing system (ILS) procedures. This allows for lateral and angular vertical guidance during the final approach segment (FAS) without requiring visual contact with the ground until reaching a decision height (DH) of only 200 feet above the runway. (The minima for localiser performance with vertical guidance, or LPV, are as low as 200 feet.)

These EGNOS (European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service)-based approaches are considered ILS look-alikes, as the LPV-200 service level is compliant with International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) Annex 10 Category I precision approach performance requirements, but without the need for the expensive ground infrastructure required for ILS.

“EGNOS LPV-200 is now the most cost-effective and safest solution for airports requiring CAT I approach procedures,” says GSA Executive Director Carlo des Dorides. “The involvement of major aircraft manufacturers confirms that this service is a real added-value for civil aviation, setting the basis for a better rationalisation of nav-aids in European airports.”

The announcement of the approach implementation follows the publication of the EGNOS-based procedures on 28 April. 

The publication of LPV-200 procedures provides numerous benefits, including:

  • reduced delays, diversions and cancellations thanks to the lower minima, potentially reducing the operational costs for flying to LFPG;
  • increased continuity of airport operations in case of ILS outage or maintenance;
  • enhanced safety levels, as the LPV-200 procedures can serve effectively as CAT I approach procedures and can also be used as a back-up to ILS-based procedures;
  • improved efficiency of operations, lowering fuel consumption and CO2 emissions, and decreasing aviation’s environmental impact.

An important milestone

“The LPV-200 service provides European airports with the means to implement the most demanding precision-based navigation operations as defined by the ICAO,” explains EGNOS Service Provider (ESSP) CEO Thierry Racaud.

DSNA, the French Air Navigation Service Provider, pioneered the procedures as an outcome of the work that was co-financed by the European Union and carried out since the GSA declared the EGNOS LPV-200 service operational on 29 September 2015.

“The new LPV-200 approach procedures now implemented at LFPG aim to demonstrate that the satellite-based augmentation systems [SBAS], such as EGNOS in Europe, is a Category I performance approach solution that is reliable,” says Maurice Georges, DSNA CEO. “We are convinced that SBAS is a fundamental technology to modernise our navigation infrastructure and, following this first implementation, LPV-200 approach procedures will be progressively deployed over our IFR runway-ends network."

Pilot approved

The approach has been flown by an ATR 42-600, Dassault Falcon 2000 and Airbus A350, with positive pilot feedback.  “The LPV -200 system is much more stable and more reliable in terms of safety, but also more efficient than the ILS approach,” says ATR Chief Pilot Eric Delesalle after completing the first LPV-200 landing on runway 26L at LFPG. “It really makes a difference.”

According to Delesalle, LPV approaches offer pilots several distinct advantages over an ILS approach. For instance, the LPV system allows one to land at more runways, even in low visibility conditions, and LPV gives a pilot the accuracy of an ILS without the problems of localiser or glide slope interference. “With LPV, pilots can use GPS navigation during all phases of an approach, meaning they do not have to switch between autopilot modes while preparing the approach, thus our overall workload is reduced and room for human error is reduced” he adds.

“Airbus is pleased to have demonstrated that the A350 XWB complies with the new RNAV (GNSS) approaches with satellite-based augmentation, as implemented at Paris Charles de Gaulle,” adds Airbus Experimental Test Pilot Jean-Christophe Lair. “These approaches will be a valuable back-up to the airport’s traditional ILS approaches and will maximise runway availability for the A350 by maintaining CAT 1 capability, down to a 200 feet decision height, even when the ILS ground station is not available.”

View more images in our Image Gallery.

According to Dassault Flight Test Pilot Jean-Louis Dumas, from a pilot point of view, there is no difference between ILS and LPV approaches as the design of the Falcon EASY cockpit and the overall workload is exactly the same for both. “The accuracy and stability of the LPV guidance is really amazing,” says Dumas. “Lowering the LPV minima down to 200 feet in Europe is a great improvement enabled by EGNOS, and is very valuable for business aviation operations.”

In order to take advantage of LPV approaches, a pilot must undergo a specific initial training to learn all GPS-related navigation specifications, including LPV 200 procedures. However, as all three test pilots confirmed, as LPV approaches were intentionally developed as ILS look-alike, pilots are able to quickly transfer and adjust their skills to the new generation of LPV approaches.

Paving the way for future implementation

The GSA expects that by launching the first LPV-200 procedure at such an international hub as Charles de Gaulle will pave the way for the publication of additional LPV-200 service-level procedures at other European airports. In fact, it is already confirmed that Vienna International (LOWW) is set to be the next airport to publish LPV-200 procedures.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Wed, 05/11/2016

Have an innovative idea or application that leverages Galileo Initial Services? Then be sure to apply today for the GSA Special Prize – part of the 2016 European Satellite Navigation Competition.

On the eve of the historic declaration of Galileo Initial Services, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) has announced that it is now accepting applications for its GSA Special Prize for the most innovative application idea for Galileo Initial Services. Within the scope of the prize, the GSA is looking for the best ideas and applications that leverage Galileo’s Initial Services and the power of a multi-constellation environment in order to provide new and more robust benefits to the end-user across an array of sectors. The GSA Special Prize is part of the annual European Satellite Navigation Competition (ESNC).

Proposals must meet certain basic criteria, including:

  • innovation versus existing solutions;
  • commercial feasibility;
  • use of European GNSS signals and services as a primary means of positioning;
  • contribution to Galileo market uptake;
  • technical/operational feasibility, including maturity of the idea;
  • demonstrations/market trials for technology validation.

The winner will have the opportunity to develop their idea at an incubation centre of their choice within the EU-28 for six months, with the possibility of a further six months according to progress. Furthermore, for the first time, the winning idea will be showcased at the official Galileo Service Declaration Ceremony in Brussels, when Initial Services are announced to the world.

Supporting innovative applications

The 2015 edition of the ESNC received a record-breaking 192 entries from 29 different countries. Entries came from both individuals and start-up companies and covered such topics as location-based services (LBS), smart mobility, and safety and security. The winner, Rafael Olmedo and his KYNEO project, focused on the Internet of Things (IoT) and involved the development of cheap, flexible Galileo and EGNOS-enabled modules that allow for ubiquitous positioning data for IoT-related applications.

         Also Read: ESNC Success Stories

“The GSA Special Prize nicely complements the Agency’s focus of getting closer to the end-user and helping them benefit from European space technology and, in particular, Galileo,” says GSA Executive Director Carlo des Dorides. “Whether through competitions like this or through such funding programmes as Horizon 2020 and Fundamental Elements, it’s by supporting innovative applications like KYNEO that the GSA will be able to succeed in its mission.”
As the Galileo programme transitions from a system in development to being operational, efforts to promote corresponding applications will become increasingly important. For this reason, competition organisers say they are looking forward to seeing the creative and innovative Galileo-based applications submitted this year.

         Also Read: GNSS-enabled Sports Tracker Moves into Final Testing Phase

The ESNC offers a prize pool worth EUR 1 million, including cash prizes and in-kind services. All winners of the 30 regional and special prizes will be in the running for the overall prize of EUR 20 000 and a six-month incubation programme (which can be extended to one year) in a region of their choice. The deadline for applications is 30 June.

Also Read: ESNC Flyer

Further information on this year’s prizes, partners and terms of participation can be found on the ESNC website.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Tue, 05/10/2016

The European GNSS Agency (GSA) talks EGNOS-based procedures during Aero Friedrichshafen – one of the world’s largest general aviation tradeshows.

Although many think of April in Paris, for the general aviation crowd, April means Germany. More specifically, April is Aero Friedrichshafen time – one of the world’s largest general aviation (GA) trade shows. Once again, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) joined the international GA crowd to discuss the many benefits that the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service (EGNOS) provides this important sector.

At the front of everybody’s mind was the GSA’s recent declaration of the LPV 200 (localiser performance with vertical guidance) service. Using EGNOS, LPV-200 provides pilots with more accurate guidance for safer aircraft landings, even in poor weather conditions.

The service level enables aircraft approaches that are operationally equivalent to instrument landing system (ILS) CAT I, providing lateral and vertical guidance without the need for visual contact with the ground until a decision height (DH) of only 200 feet above the runway as minimum.

 

 

Why GA needs EGNOS approaches
  1. No need for ground infrastructure
  2. Increased availability of EGNOS equipage
  3. Increased access to airports
  4. Contingency procedures for adverse weather conditions
  5. Greater availability of instrument approach procedures (IAP)
  6. Facilitate pilot training and instrument rating

All EGNOS-based approaches, both LPV and the new LPV-200, are considered ILS look-alikes but without the expensive ground infrastructure required for ILS. “We received great feedback from pilots who say that landing with EGNOS is more comfortable, easy to follow and often more stable than with conventional ILS approaches,” says GSA Market Development Officer . “Because of the increasing number of EGNOS-enabled airports throughout Europe, there is growing enthusiasm among the European general aviation community for the use of satellite-based approach systems (SBAS) and, as a result, many general aviation aircraft are now SBAS capable.”

Although the GSA’s EGNOS-based LPV service is free and requires no upgrade to an airport’s ground infrastructure or to existing certified EGNOS receivers, in order to fly LPV one does need procedures, a certified aircraft and a properly trained pilot. “In taking this EGNOS message forward within the GA community, we must continue to focus on its relation to three core pillars: approaches, equipment and pilot training,” says PPL/IR Europe Chairman Paul Sherry.

Pillar I: Procedures

As to the procedures, the GSA and the EGNOS Service Provider (ESSP) work directly with Air Navigation Service Providers (ANSP) to establish EGNOS Working Agreements, the legal tool that defines the working arrangements between ESSP and the ANSP in charge of the LPV procedure.

To help with this process in the UK, the GSA-is supporting LPV approaches for General Aviation. One of the projects, called GAGA, is working to increase the availability of LPV approach procedures, with a specific focus on GA airports in the UK. “General aviation competes for airspace with commercial aviation, which places severe limitations on the sector’s access to airports,” explains Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) UK CEO Martin Robinson. “Yet at the same time GA contributes GBP 3 billion of gross value added and is responsible for more than 38 000 jobs, so it is important that we support the GA industry.”

GA objectives

  • Increase the availability of LPV approach procedures (focusing on such GA airports as Haverfordwest (EGFE), Gloucestershire (EGBJ) and Stapleford (EGSG)
  • Reduce costs for instrument flight rules (IFR) rating training 
  • Contingency procedures during adverse weather conditions 
  • Implement Independent Pilots Association (IPA) procedures at airports that do not meet International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) requirements for instrument runways 
  • Encourage adoption of EGNOS-based LPV procedures on GA visual flight rules (VFRs) airports with no instrument approach procedures 
  • Promote GNSS technologies within GA 
  • Familiarisation and flight training of pilots to gain experience of GNSS approaches using EGNOS-based procedures

Pillar II: Equipment

Many of the latest GA aircraft come EGNOS-ready, including models from Cessna, Diamond, Piper and Cirrus. For legacy aircraft, the GSA notes they have a complete list of forward and retrofit solutions. 

“GNSS approaches (also known as RNP APCH) are great news for light GA aircraft,” says Sherry. “It’s really the first opportunity to put this PBN avionics equipment into the types of aircraft it was originally built for.”

What this means for GA aircraft and the GA pilot is a greater expectation of automation, less vectors and more procedural approaches. According to Sherry, PBN technology has rapidly evolved over the past decade. “From 1950 to 2000, IFR approach technology was fairly stable, ground-based and involved pretty much the same operation between different manufacturers and different installations,” he says. “But this changed with PBN, which is a complex combination of procedures, infrastructure, air traffic control (ATC), aircraft, avionics and aircrew.”

The GSA facilitates the use of EGNOS for GA in conjunction with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). For example, one major achievement of this collaboration is the development of a multi model list for avionics approved for the most widely used avionics by GA pilots, Garmin GNS430W and GNS530W. Recognising that GA demands cost-effective avionics, having these models approved for LPV capability helps bring the cost down from EUR 10 000 per aircraft registration to just EUR 300 – making EGNOS a realistic option for GA operators.

Pillar III: Training

However, it’s more than just having the right equipment in an aircraft. As the type of equipment is diverse, it is essential that the pilot knows how the technology and equipment in the aircraft works together. “When flying PBN, more reliance is placed on the aircraft and the pilot, as opposed to air traffic control,” adds PPL/IR Europe Director Julian Scarfe. “In other words, with PBN it becomes absolutely crucial that the pilot understands the equipment, procedures and obligations.”

Which leads us to the last point: the pilots themselves. In order to take advantage of LPV procedures, operators typically need specific approval to fly them. This is because LPVs are a relatively new concept that require not only that the aircraft and its cockpit avionics have the corresponding airworthiness approval, but also that pilots have appropriate training, checking standards and operational procedures in place.

Although EASA is currently working to amend some of these regulations, eliminating the burden of having to apply for SPA, all operators will still be required to follow the necessary operational procedures and CAT operators will have to amend their operational manual accordingly as part of their air operator approval from their authorities. On this point, the GSA provides EGNOS training materials via the EGNOS user support website. From August 2018, the core training syllabus for the instrument rating will include PBN concepts, many reliant on EGNOS.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Mon, 04/25/2016

The European GNSS Agency (GSA), along with the European GNSS Service Centre (GSC), announce the commissioning of two additional Galileo satellites, increasing the total number of signals available for testing as the programme moves towards Galileo Initial Services.

Today, the European GNSS Agency (GSA), along with the European GNSS Service Centre (GSC), announce that the latest two Galileo satellites launched have successfully completed a four month long in-orbit testing campaign. Galileo satellites 11 (GSAT0208) and 12 (GSAT0209) are now officially commissioned for use in the Galileo constellation.

The two satellites were launched from Europe’s Spaceport in French Guiana on 17 December 2015. Following extensive testing campaigns by European Space Agency, the GSA and GSC confirm that both are performing as planned and are successfully integrated with the Galileo ground network.

This milestone, along with the deployment of the next two satellites scheduled for launch in May, helps pave the way for the declaration of Galileo Initial Services later this year. The May launch will be followed by an additional launch of four satellites in the autumn – the first launch to use a single customised Ariane-5 launcher.

About Galileo

Galileo is Europe's civilian global satellite navigation system. Galileo will allow users worldwide to know their exact position in time and space with great precision and reliability. Once complete, the Galileo system will consist of 30 satellites and the necessary ground infrastructure to enable the provision of positioning, navigation and timing services.

The Galileo programme is funded and owned by the European Union. The European Commission has the overall responsibility for the Galileo programme, it manages and oversees the implementation of all programme activities.

Galileo's deployment, the design and development of the new generation of systems and the technical development of infrastructure are entrusted to the European Space Agency. The definition, development and in-orbit validation phases of the Galileo programme were carried out by ESA, and co-funded by ESA and the European Commission.

The European GNSS Agency (GSA) is ensuring the uptake and security of Galileo. From 2017 Galileo operations and provision of Galileo services will be entrusted to the GSA.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Fri, 04/08/2016

To raise awareness of the integral role that Galileo plays in the Internet of Things, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) announces its IoT solutions empowered by GNSS award. Apply today!

The Internet of Things (IoT) is everywhere. It’s connecting your personal cell phone, tablet computer and PC, and it’s making roads, signage and appliances smarter. In every sector of the economy, IoT is enabling objects to exchange data with manufacturers, operators and other devices – creating a vast integrated network of connected things and services that is expected to surpass 50 billion by 2020.

Global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), including Galileo, play a key role in the Internet of Things, providing the positioning, velocity and timing information required by an increasing number of context-aware applications. However, despite this important contribution to IoT, the role of GNSS is often downplayed as an element within smart applications. 

Innovation wanted

To raise awareness of the integral role that GNSS plays in IoT and to ensure that European GNSS programmes are considered important players in this potentially massive global market, the GSA is sponsoring the IoT Solutions empowered by GNSS award – part of the 2016 Geo IoT Awards.  

“Galileo brings IoT better accuracy and availability due to its signal strength in such difficult environments as in the city, as well as an authenticated open signal,” says GSA Executive Director Carlo des Dorides. “With this award, the GSA is looking for the most innovative IoT applications that rely on GNSS and leverage the enhanced possibilities offered by Galileo.”

Whether you operate in the automotive sector, or in consumer electronics, smart cities, public transport, manufacturing, supply chain logistics, retail, leisure or healthcare, submit your innovative idea today.

The tailored support you need

The IoT Solutions empowered by GNSS award is specifically designed to take your innovative IoT idea to the next level. The award consists of an incubation period tailored around the needs and maturity of the winning idea. The award winner can expect:

  • Tailored support such as: market analysis, business strategy and business plan development, resource mobilisation strategy and international positioning.
  • Networking opportunities with industry and investors, investor relations and investor scouting.
  • Access to a dedicated team of GSA-accredited consultants and coaches, along with an extensive network of industry and institutions, all specialised in the GEO IoT market.
  • Promotion and visibility opportunities, including during the 25 May award ceremony.

Actual support provided depends on actual needs, with the ultimate objective of taking the project to market.

The details

The GSA’s IoT solutions empowered by GNSS award is part of the Geo IoT World Awards, which are open to all participants and celebrate innovation and innovators in geo-aware technologies. The objective of the award is to promote the development of applications that both create demand for Galileo and provide direct economic and social benefits to European society. As such, the GSA is looking for innovative ideas for IoT applications aligned with the evolving needs of the end-users. More information on the evaluation criteria can be found here.

All submissions must be received by 5 May 2016.

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).

Fri, 03/18/2016

At the World ATM Congress in Madrid, the European GNSS Agency (GSA) recognised the latest ANSPs to implement EGNOS-based approaches, along with highlighting how the programme drives European aviation.

European airports and aircraft operators are reaping the rewards of EGNOS, the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service. This is particularly true of small and regional airports, and the operators of business and general aviation aircraft. Speaking at a GSA-sponsored event on EGNOS and aviation during this week’s World Air Traffic Management (ATM) Congress in Madrid, GSA Market Development Officer Carmen Aguilera highlighted how the increasing number of airports with localiser performance with vertical guidance (LPVs) procedures in place continues to increase. “But procedures aren’t very useful if nobody is using them,” she says, noting that many common new aircraft and rotorcraft coming onto the market are satellite-based augmentation systems- (SBAS) ready. This includes the likes of such manufacturers as ATR, Airbus, Bombardier, Cessna, Dassault Falcon Jets, Hawker, Beechcraft and Pilatus. “In addition to the new aircraft models being manufactured, we are also seeing more and more retrofit solutions that allow legacy aircraft to add EGNOS capabilities– another positive sign that operators of all types of aircraft models understand the many benefits of the programme,” she adds.

Eager airports and ANSPs

Considering the safety and cost benefits of EGNOS implementation, it is no wonder that so many European airports and air navigation service providers (ANSPs) are looking to publish EGNOS-enabled LPV approaches.

Many of Europe’s small and regional airports simply cannot afford the high costs of installing and maintaining ground-based Instrument Landing Systems (ILS). As an alternative to ground-based ILS navigational aids, technology such as EGNOS utilises geostationary satellites and a network of ground stations to receive, analyse and augment Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and, soon, Galileo signals. With EGNOS, these satellite signals become suitable for such safety-critical applications as aircraft landing. Thus, EGNOS-enabled LPV-200 supports lateral and angular vertical guidance with a decision height of 200 feet. This is a capability similar to what is provided by ground-based navigational aids, but without the same financial burden of installing, maintaining and calibrating ground equipment. In fact, the LPV-200 service uses EGNOS signals that are free and do not require additional upgrades to existing airport infrastructure or EGNOS-certified receivers.

“The implementation of these approaches are most important in places that do not have ground-based navigation equipment, such as small and regional airports,” says Eurocontrol’s Deputy Head of the Navigation and CNS Research, Rick Farnworth. “At these airports, these procedures mean increased safety and better situational awareness for the pilot.”

In addition to supporting precision landings, the fact that EGNOS is not tied to ground-based guidance equipment means that different categories of aircraft could potentially use different approaches on the same runway end.

The GSA used the opportunity of the World ATM Congress to recognise the latest airports to publish EGNOS-based LPV procedures and those signing their first EGNOS Working Agreement (EWA). Those recognised included the Irish Aviation Authority (IAA) (first EWA and LPV publication), Croatia Control (first EWA and LPV publication), AgustaWestland (first EWA) and BelgoControl (first LPV publication).

“This accomplishment is a direct result of the IAA’s close relationship with the GSA,” says the IAA’s Cathal Mac Criostail. “With the publication of these procedures we have opened up Dublin International Airport. This will serve as a springboard to bringing all of Ireland’s airports on-board in the near future, which will be of immense help for small civil operators and the airports that serve them.”

“Croatian airports, and Dubrovnik in particular, become very busy and congested in the summer months with the arrival of private aircraft,” says Croatia Control’s Josip Josipović. “But with the publishing of these LPV procedures here, in place of ILS, the airport is better-positioned to serve this growing demand.” Josipović adds that Croatia Control next plans to roll out the procedures across the country’s 8 international airports.

Speaking on the process of implementation, European Satellite Service Provider (ESSP) CEO Thierry Racaud commented on the growing number of EWAs being signed: “Forty EWAs are already signed, including 12 in 2015 and another 10 planned for 2016 – tripling the number over the last 2 years,” he says. “In addition to our objective of having 340 LPV procedures published by the end of this year, we are also working to extend the EGNOS coverage area, particularly to the southeast Mediterranean region.”

Expanding into the Blue

As to this later objective, the Horizon 2020 co-funded BLUEGNSS Project is working to bring EGNOS to this very challenging region. “Today the southeast Mediterranean region lacks full EGNOS coverage,” explains GNSS Expert Patrizio Vanni of Ente Nazionale Di Assistenza Al Volo (ENAV, the Air Navigation Service Provider in Italy). “To make things even more challenging, each airport involved in the project presents a very different operational environment.”

Recognising the safety, operational and economic benefits of EGNOS implementation, the project is working not only to implement EGNOS-based approaches at airports where no precision approaches are currently available, but also to provide the necessary GNSS training to use these procedures once published. “This process isn’t only about implementing procedures, but also about ensuring that individual countries can do the procedures independently by providing the training material and methods via our ENAV training academy,” adds Vanni.

Funding implementation 

To continue to encourage the implementation of LPV procedures, the GSA has several funding opportunities available. For example, under the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme for Research and Innovation, the GSA is supporting projects aimed at implementing GNSS-related applications, including in aviation. Over the past 2 years 40 projects have been funded. A new call will be opened in November 2016, with EUR 33 million available in funding.

In order to facilitate the adoption of European GNSS in the area of receivers and, in doing so, increase the competitiveness of EU industry, the GSA launched the Fundamental Elements funding scheme. The programme has EUR 111.5 million available until 2020 and, in the aviation segment, is looking to fund projects working to develop dual-frequency, multi-constellation SBAS receivers. Two grants will be made available this year.

Of specific interest to the aviation segment are the GSA’s Aviation Grants . Launched in 2014, these grants aim to accelerate EGNOS adoption in civil aviation. Two calls have so far been issued, with EUR 6 million awarded for the funding of EGNOS procedures at 36 airports, 8 point-in-space (PinS) procedures at 7 helipads, the retrofitting of 65 aircraft by 4 operators and 3 rotorcraft upgrades. A third grant will be opened later this year.

Read more: EGNOS and Galileo for Aviation

Media note: This feature can be republished without charge provided the European GNSS Agency (GSA) is acknowledged as the source at the top or the bottom of the story. You must request permission before you use any of the photographs on the site. If you republish, we would be grateful if you could link back to the GSA website (http://www.gsa.europa.eu).